How We Are Ensuring Patients’ Safety At Praava

At Praava, our Patients’ safety is our top priority. 

Given the ongoing pandemic and the current surge, we are taking every precautionary measure in our day-to-day operations to ensure the safety of all our patients who visit our hub and during home sample collections. 

Our teams doing home sample collection maintain strict clinical protocols including wearing full personal protective equipment (PPE). They are also checked daily for symptoms to ensure that they are healthy before they go to your home. All Praava sample collectors maintain proper hand hygiene including applying 70% alcohol hand sanitizers after each patient sample is collected

Additionally, all Praava staff are regularly and frequently tested for COVID-19. Frontline workers who come in direct contact with Patients are tested as per our infection control protocols. If any staff member is tested positive for COVID, s/he is immediately withdrawn from their duties and asked to isolate themselves at home until the infection passes, and contact tracing is conducted to determine if any colleagues s/he come into contact with has also been exposed.

Our facility is also routinely disinfected, including deep cleaning of surfaces to avoid contamination to our Patients or staff. 

All these measures are being taken to safeguard our health workers at Praava so that they can remain safe and keep serving you, our patients, to the best of our abilities. 

 

প্রাভাতে আমরা যেভাবে পেশেন্টদের নিরাপত্তা নিশ্চিত করছি

আমরা প্রাভাতে আমাদের পেশেন্টদের নিরাপত্তাকে সর্বাধিক গুরুত্ব দেই।

চলমান মহামারী এবং বর্তমান ঊর্ধ্বগতির পরিপ্রেক্ষিতে, আমাদের যেসকল পেশেন্টরা হাবে আসেন এবং যাদের বাসায় গিয়ে নমুনা সংগ্রহ করা হয় তাদের নিরাপত্তা নিশ্চিত করতে আমরা আমাদের প্রতিদিনের অপারেশন গুলোতে যত সতর্কতামূলক ব্যবস্থা নেওয়া যায় তার সবগুলোই নিচ্ছি।

বাড়িতে নমুনা সংগ্রহ করা আমাদের প্রতিটি টিম সম্পূর্ণ ব্যক্তিগত সুরক্ষামূলক সরঞ্জাম (PPE) পরা সহ কঠোর ক্লিনিকাল প্রোটোকল মেনে চলে। আপনার বাড়িতে নমুনা সংগ্রহ করতে যাওয়ার আগে প্রতিদিন দেখা হয় তাদের কোন উপসর্গ আছে কিনা, তারা সুস্থ আছে কিনা। প্রাভার সকল নমুনা সংগ্রহকারী প্রতিটি পেশেন্টের নমুনা সংগ্রহ করার পরে ৭০% অ্যালকোহলযুক্ত হ্যান্ড স্যানিটাইজার ব্যবহার করার সাথে সাথে অন্যান্য স্বাস্থ্যবিধিও মেনে চলে। 

এছাড়াও, প্রাভাতে কর্মরত সবার নিয়মিত কোভিড-১৯ টেস্ট করা হয়। ফ্রন্টলাইন কর্মী যারা পেশেন্টের সরাসরি সংস্পর্শে আসেন তাদের, আমাদের সংক্রমণ নিয়ন্ত্রণ প্রোটোকল অনুযায়ী টেস্ট করা হয়। যদি কোন স্টাফের টেস্ট রেজাল্ট পজিটিভ আসে, তাকে দ্রুত ছুটি দিয়ে সুস্থ না হওয়া পর্যন্ত বাড়িতে আইসোলেটেড থাকতে বলা হয়, এবং কোনো কোভিড আক্রান্ত স্টাফ কোন সহকর্মীর সংস্পর্শে এসেছেন কিনা তা বের করার জন্য কন্টাক্ট ট্রেসিং করা হয়।

পেশেন্ট বা স্টাফদের সংক্রমণ এড়াতে মেঝে ডিপ ক্লিনিং সহ আমাদের হাবের সম্পূর্ণ এরিয়া নিয়মিত জীবাণুমুক্ত করা হয়। 

প্রাভাতে আমাদের স্বাস্থ্যকর্মীদের সুরক্ষার জন্য এই ব্যবস্থাগুলো নিচ্ছি যেন তারা নিরাপদে থাকতে পারে এবং সাধ্যমত আপনার সেবা করতে পারে।

কোভিড-১৯ মহামারীর সময় ডেঙ্গু সংকট

কোভিড-১৯ এর নতুন ঢেউ এবং ডেঙ্গু সংক্রমণের উচ্চ হার বাংলাদেশের বর্তমান স্বাস্থ্য ব্যবস্থার উপর বাড়তি চাপ হয়ে দাঁড়িয়েছে। ইতিমধ্যে স্বাস্থ্য ব্যবস্থা ক্রমবর্ধমান কোভিড সংকটের কারণে ক্ষতিগ্রস্ত হচ্ছে। 

প্রাথমিক পর্যায়ে, ডেঙ্গু ভাইরাস এবং কোভিড-১৯ এর একই ধরণের উপসর্গ থাকতে পারে। ডেঙ্গু বা কোভিড-১৯ এ আক্রান্ত বেশিরভাগ রোগী যাদের হালকা অসুস্থতা থাকে তাদের বাড়িতেই চিকিৎসা করা যেতে পারে। অন্যদিকে, ডেঙ্গু এবং কোভিড-১৯ উভয়ই রোগীকে গুরুতর অসুস্থ করে তুলতে পারে এমনকি মৃত্যুর কারণও হতে পারে।

লক্ষণ এবং উপসর্গ

ডেঙ্গু এবং কোভিড-১৯ এর কিছু সাদৃশ্যপূর্ণ (একই রকম) উপসর্গ রয়েছে।

ডেঙ্গু

ডেঙ্গুর লক্ষণগুলো সাধারণত ২ থেকে ৭ দিন স্থায়ী হয়। ডেঙ্গুর সবচেয়ে সাধারণ লক্ষণ হল জ্বর। জ্বরের সঙ্গে নিম্নলিখিত যে কোনো একটি:

  • ব্যথা এবং যন্ত্রণা (হাড়ে তীব্র ব্যথা, চোখের পিছনে, পেশী ব্যথা, এবং জয়েন্টে ব্যথা)
  • ফুসকুড়ি
  • বমি বমি ভাব
  • তন্দ্রা, অস্থিরতা বা বিরক্তি
  • নাক বা মাড়ি থেকে রক্তপাত
  •  মলত্যাগের সময় রক্ত বের হওয়া অথবা রক্ত বমি

কোভিড-১৯

কোভিড-১৯ এ আক্রান্ত ব্যক্তির ক্ষেত্রে ভাইরাসের সংস্পর্শে আসার ২ থেকে ১৪ দিনের মধ্যে হালকা থেকে গুরুতর লক্ষণ দেখা দিতে পারে। যেসব লক্ষণ গুলো কোভিড-১৯ আক্রান্ত ব্যক্তিদের থাকতে পারে কিন্তু অনেক সময় লক্ষণ গুলো প্রকাশ নাও পেতে পারে, যেমন:

  •  জ্বর বা ঠান্ডা লাগা ভাব
  • কাশি
  • শ্বাসকষ্ট বা শ্বাস নিতে অসুবিধা
  • ক্লান্তি বা অবসাদ
  • পেশী অথবা শরীরে ব্যথা
  • মাথা ব্যাথা
  • স্বাদ বা গন্ধ হ্রাস
  • গলা ব্যথা
  • নাকে রক্তজমা অথবা নাক দিয়ে পানি পড়া
  • ডায়রিয়া
  • বমি বমি ভাব বা বমি

উচ্চ ঝুঁকিপূর্ণ ব্যক্তি

যারা ডেঙ্গু এবং কোভিড-১৯ এর বেশি ঝুঁকিতে আছেন তারা হলো:

ডেঙ্গু

  • শিশু
  • মহিলারা, বিশেষত গর্ভবতী মহিলারা
  • ডায়াবেটিস, হাঁপানি, স্থূলতা এবং হৃদরোগের মতো ক্রনিক রোগে চিকিৎসাধীন রোগীরা
  • দ্বিতীয়বার ডেঙ্গু সংক্রমণে আক্রান্ত রোগীরা
  • পূর্ববর্তী ডেঙ্গু সংক্রমণের পর থেকে সময় (যত বেশি সময়, ঝুঁকি তত বেশি)

 কোভিড-১৯

  • পূর্ব থেকেই চিকিৎসাধীন রোগী ও অন্যান্য একাধিক রোগে আক্রান্ত ব্যাক্তি
  • গর্ভবতী নারী

কীভাবে কোভিড-১৯ এবং ডেঙ্গু ছড়িয়ে পড়ে

বেশিরভাগ ক্ষেত্রে ডেঙ্গু ভাইরাস মানুষের মধ্যে ছড়িয়ে পড়ে সংক্রামিত মশার (ভেক্টর-বাহিত রোগ) কামড়ের মাধ্যমে। কোভিড-১৯ সংক্রামিত ব্যক্তির কাশি, হাঁচি বা কথা বলার ফলে উত্পাদিত শ্বাসতন্ত্রের ড্রপলেটের মাধ্যমে রোগ ছড়িয়ে পড়ে।

বাংলাদেশের বর্তমান পরিস্থিতি

এই বছরে এখন পর্যন্ত ৯০০০ জন এরও বেশি ডেঙ্গু আক্রান্ত হয়েছে। ডেঙ্গু আক্রান্তের বেশির ভাগ প্রকোপ ঢাকাতে দেখা দেওয়ার ফলে বাংলাদেশের স্বাস্থ্যসেবা ব্যবস্থার ওপর চাপ বেড়েছে। বর্তমানে কোভিড-১৯-এর দ্বিতীয় ঢেউ চলছে। বেশিরভাগ হাসপাতালের শয্যা এবং আইসিইউ কোভিড-১৯ রোগীদের দ্বারা পূর্ণ। যার ফলে ডেঙ্গু রোগীদের যথাযথ সুবিধা দেওয়া কঠিন হয়ে পড়েছে।

সাম্প্রতিক সময়ে কোভিড-১৯ ও ডেঙ্গু আক্রান্ত ব্যক্তিদের ক্ষেত্রে একই ধরণের উপসর্গ দেখা যাওয়ার কারনে ডেঙ্গু ক্রমশ গুরুতর এবং জটিল সমস্যা হয়ে উঠেছে। এই দুটি রোগের লক্ষণের মধ্যে সাদৃশ্য থাকার ফলে সঠিক ভাবে ডায়াগনোসিস করা আরও কঠিন হয়ে পরেছে।

যদি আপনার কোনো উপসর্গ দেখা দেয় বা স্বাস্থ্যের অবনতি পর্যবেক্ষণ করেন তবে অবিলম্বে আপনার ডাক্তারের কাছে চিকিৎসার জন্য শরণাপন্ন হোন। ডাক্তার আপনাকে উপসর্গগুলোর ধরণ এবং অবস্থা বুঝতে সাহায্য করবে এবং ডেঙ্গু, কোভিড-১৯ বা উভয় ক্ষেত্রেই সম্পূর্ণ ডায়াগনোসিস করতে পারবেন।

English

Diabetes care during COVID-19

People with diabetes are not more likely to get COVID-19 than the general population. The risk of getting very sick from COVID-19 is likely to be lower if diabetes is well-managed.

COVID-19 is usually a mild disease and around 98% of people affected survive. Most cases (80%) are mild (showing only minimal flu-like symptoms) and people can recover at home. Some cases (around 14%) are severe and very few (around 5%) can result in critical illness. Some people have no symptoms or only mild symptoms of a common cold. In others, COVID-19 can lead to serious problems, like pneumonia or even death. This is more common in people who have other health problems, those with cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease and hypertension. People with diabetes are among those high-risk categories that can have serious illness if they get the virus.

Everyone with diabetes, including those with type 1, type 2 and gestational (diabetes in pregnancy), is at risk of developing a severe illness if they get coronavirus, but the way it affects can vary from person to person. So, when you have diabetes, being ill can make your blood sugar go all over the place. Your body tries to fight the illness by releasing stored glucose (sugar) into your bloodstream to give you energy. But your body cannot produce insulin to cope with this, so your blood sugars rise. Your body is working overtime to fight the illness, making it harder to manage your diabetes (high sugar). This means you are more at risk of having serious blood sugar highs and lows, as well as longer-term problems with your eyes, feet and other areas of your body.

It is recommended that people with diabetes plan ahead of time what to do before they get ill. This includes having the contact information of their doctor at hand and making sure to have an adequate stock of medications (tablets and/or insulin, or both) and supplies (as glucometer) for monitoring blood glucose at home, so that they do not need to leave the house if they fall ill. Diabetic patients should practice the ‘sick day rules’ recommended for any stressful situation to improve their diabetes decompensation. Sick day rules for people with diabetes include keeping hydrated, monitoring blood glucose and temperature, and if you are on insulin, also monitoring ketone bodies and follow the doctor’s recommendations.

Finally, in response to the COVID-19, governments in many countries including Bangladesh have restricted the movement of their citizens, confining them to their homes. Regular physical activity is of great benefit to the general population and even more for people living with diabetes. Daily light exercise is recommended at home rather than going outside.

This article was published in The Daily Star authored by Dr. Pronob Choudhury, Praava Health’s Consultant on Diabetes, Rheumatology, and Family Medicine.

The immunity puzzle during COVID-19: jigsaw pieces for our immune system

As the pandemic stretches on, our online feed is overflowing with “quick fixes” to boost our immunity. Sadly, the sources for such solutions are often unclear and may thus be misleading. The “Clinical Dietician” world has also responded but with nutritional guidelines based on scientific research and unprecedented worldwide cooperation. These guidelines could thus help improve our understanding of how to build immunity better for the long term.

Nutrition does boost immunity but what I have to tell my patients is that the link is complicated. It is impacted by the multi-functional interactions of our cells, organs, tissues and molecular build in dealing with our environmental pathogens. Stress, obesity, age, genetics and time of the day can also affect it. Balanced eating, regular physical exercises and quality sleep often go hand in hand to reinforce immunity.

For vulnerable groups, such reinforcements are now crucial, especially amongst those aged 65 and above, with underlying health conditions, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes, heart disease, chronic kidney and liver disease or who are immunosuppressed. Based on existing research, specific vitamins and minerals in our food intake can target such vulnerabilities individually or synergistically which I refer to in more detail below. 

Insufficient dietary intake of micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals can compromise immune functions and increase the overall risk of infection. The micronutrients which are pivotal for strengthening the immune system are vitamins A, C, D, E, B2 (riboflavin), B6 (pyridoxine), B12 (cobalamin) and B9 (folic acid) and minerals iron, selenium, zinc, magnesium and copper- these are found in a variety of foods as shown below and should be part of a healthy balanced diet. Individuals should not take extra supplements without consulting a doctor or dietitian.

Vitamins

VitaminPurposeFood SourcesContext 
AInsufficient amount in our diet increases susceptibility to a range of infections.Preformed – Animal foods such as liver and fat portions of dairy foods(milk, cheese, butter), egg yolk and fish. Provitamin A and β-Carotene– Dark yellow, red, green and orange pigment in plants such as carrots, spinach, pumpkin, tomatoes, broccoli. Should be taken with 3g of fat (e.g. oil, ghee, butter) to be absorbed properly.Cooking helps release the vitamin from plants making them available for absorption.
B2/ riboflavinFirst-line host immune response against invading pathogens; helps iron absorption.Milk and cheese.70% B2 will be lost by exposure to sunlight.
B6/ pyridoxineHelps in the production of antibodies and immune cells.Whole grains (brown flour and rice, oats), pulses (chickpeas, lentils dry beans) and legumes (green beans and peas, soybeans), bananas, potatoes and meat (poultry). 
B9/ folic acidMaintain the balance of the immune system and increase resistance to infections.Dark green leafy vegetables (spinach, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli), citrus fruits (oranges), tomatoes, cantaloupe and legumes (green beans and peas, soybeans). Some cereals and bread are fortified with folic acid.Folate absorption depends on its source with only 50% being absorbed from plant sources. Older people are unable to absorb enough due to low gastric acid therefore intake should be more
B12/  cobalaminModulates immunity against viruses and bacteria.Only in animal food – meat, poultry, fish, milk, eggs and cheese.Individuals who are vegan or have low gastric acid levels (older population) are unable to meet daily requirements.
C/ ascorbic acidReduces risk, severity and duration of upper and lower respiratory tract infections.Requirements increase during infections.Citrus fruits (oranges and lemons), sweet potatoes, guava, strawberries, mangoes, papaya, capsicum, broccoli.Can be easily destroyed by heat, light and action of oxygen in the air. Cook for a limited amount of time.
DReduces risk of respiratory tract viral infections, therefore, improving immune functions.‘The sunshine vitamin’, as its source is the sunlight. Only a few other natural sources such as fish liver oils and egg yolks (only small amounts). Sources can be oily fish like trout and freshwater river carps.Staying indoors in a lockdown can deprive us of the daily requirements of sunlight. It is recommended to take a supplement of 10 mcg = 400 IU (International Units). The recommended daily amount of vitamin D is 400 IU for children up to age 12 months, 600 IU for ages 1 to 70 years, and 800 IU for people over 70.
EPotent antioxidant modulating host immune functions.Vegetable oils (canola, sunflower, safflower) and lower amounts in olive oil and corn oil. Also nuts (peanuts, hazelnuts and almonds), green vegetables (spinach and broccoli), sunflower seeds. Some breakfast cereals, spreads and fruit juices are fortified with vitamin E.Benefits the elderly, may reduce the risk of upper respiratory tract infections.

Minerals

Mineral typePurposeFood SourcesContext
IronProduces immune cells that attack foreign bacteria in the body. Non-Heme Iron: spinach and legumes  Heme Iron: fish, poultry, eggs  Heme iron improves the absorption of non-heme iron, so its deficiency in diets should be monitored. Also, an acidic environment increases iron absorption (iron taken with vitamin C) while severe infection depresses it.
ZincEven a marginal zinc deficiency can impact immunity as it leads to increased diarrhoea and respiratory morbidity.Sources can be seafood (shellfish-lobster, crab and oysters), meat, lamb, leafy and root vegetables, pumpkin seeds, eggs and milk.Zinc is better absorbed from animal protein than plant protein. Zinc supplements can interfere with iron and copper absorption and vice versa. Older individuals with optimum zinc status have greater resistance to infections and less need for antibiotics. Excessive zinc intake, especially from supplements, can lead to a suppressed immune system.
SeleniumAn integral part of antioxidants that protects the cell and lipid membrane from oxidative damage. Selenium influences the innate and acute immune systems. Selenium partners with vitamin E.Meat and meat products, fish, poultry, eggs and Brazil nuts.Lacto-ova vegetarians and vegans may be at risk of deficiency.
MagnesiumSome functions of the immune system are dependent on magnesium.Almonds, cashew nuts, green vegetables and spinach, pulses (beans, red, green, yellow and brown lentils, peas), whole grain cereals (wheat, corn, barley, oats, rye and millet).Deficiency associated with cardiac arrhythmias and cardiac arrest.
CopperEssential for optimal innate immune function.Liver, seafood, nuts and seeds.a deficiency increases susceptibility to bacterial infection.
Probiotics (live microflora) and prebiotics‘Desirable’ bacteria benefiting the gastrointestinal tract by promoting the proliferation of good bacteria and limiting the development of harmful bacteria preventing the colonisation of pathogens. Prebiotics – Bananas, onions and garlic. Dietary sources of probiotics can be cultured milk and yogurt, cheese, pickled cabbage and tempeh.Probiotics may be effective in treating infectious diarrhoea. Individuals with compromised immune function should not use probiotics without medical supervision. Accurate information regarding the dosage and requirements and safety of particular supplements are still uncertain.

Dietary considerations for COVID-19 positive patients at home

  1. Optimization of nutritional status: Energy and protein need individually adjusted according to body weight, age, disease status, energy expenditure, and tolerance to reduce the risk of complications.
  2. High calorie and high protein diets are important for patients with COVID-19 to protect against the breakdown of muscles. Try eating 6 times a day every 2-3 hours. Protein intake of at least 75-100 grams from sources that include meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, and yoghurt.
  3. Hydration: 2-3 liters of fluids per day (2-4 ounces every 15 minutes). Fever is associated with excess loss of fluid which may lead to dehydration. Caution should be used for individuals who have fluid restrictions.
  4. Proper nutrition adjusted on an individual basis can help reduce carbon dioxide levels and improve breathing (high fat and low carbohydrate diet).
  5. Supplementation with vitamins and minerals: vitamins A, B, C, and D, also omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, as well as selenium, zinc, and iron should be considered in the assessment of micronutrients in COVID-19 patients.
  6. Physical activity: For people in quarantine, every day > 30 min or every second day > 1h exercise is recommended to maintain fitness, mental health, muscle mass, and thus energy expenditure and body composition.
  7. Oral nutritional supplements or enteral feeding should be considered for people whose nutritional needs cannot be met orally.

This article was published in The Daily Star authored by Tazreen Yusuf Mallick, Praava Health’s Nutritionist. She also worked in the NHS, United Kingdom as a registered clinical dietician.

How to Take Care of a COVID-19 Patient at Home

There are many ways to support a COVID-19 positive Patient at home and also keep the rest of the family members safe and healthy. Praava Health’s Senior Family Doctor, Dr. Paramita Karim, shares how to support and take care of a COVID-19 positive Patient at home

According to international guidelines, a Patient, regardless of whether they have symptoms, should be placed in a well-ventilated single room, away from other members in the house to prevent the spread of the virus and be cared for by a family member who is in good health, with no previous health conditions. Caregivers should always wear masks when interacting with the Patient and wash hands with soap after every interaction. The Patient should also wear a mask as much as possible.

It is very important for the Patient to stay isolated. This means eating in separate rooms and not sharing any personal items, including dishes, glasses, bedding, or electronics, such as cell phones.

It is essential for both the COVID-19 positive Patient and family members to monitor their health closely. Pay close attention to changes in temperature and shortness of breath and report any changes to your doctor. If you or anyone in your household have trouble breathing, seek immediate medical attention.

If you or your loved ones want to talk to a doctor, you can book a video consultation with one of Praava’s family doctors. Or if you think you require testing, or if advised by your doctor, we are also doing COVID-19 testing for our Patients and you can book a COVID-19 test online.   

Praava Health partners with Bangladesh Government to launch Plasma Network

The Bangladesh government has recently launched a plasma network titled “Shohojoddha” to facilitate the collection and distribution of plasma from patients who recovered from COVID-19 in Bangladesh. Praava Health is excited to be a partner of this initiative, along with several other private and public healthcare and service providers.  

While there is currently no treatment for COVID-19, patients who have recovered have antibodies in their blood plasma that help fight infection. Direct transfusion of blood plasma from recovered patients can be used to treat severe COVID-19 patients.

The network was designed to connect plasma donors with patients who require them for treatment. Once a donor registers with Shohojoddha, COVID-19 positive patients requiring plasma can search for a match and collect plasma for treatment when required. The network can help to track the status of donors and receiving patients, and also provide information to those looking for plasma for themselves or their loved ones.

Other healthcare and service providers who are part of this initiative are Dhaka Medical College (DMC), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), United Hospital, Universal Hospital, MIST, e-Cab, Pulse Health, OIwel, Grey, Bangladesh Super Market Owners’ Association, Pathao, Shohoz, Ayat Foundation, BAGDOOM, and Chaldal.

If you are looking for plasma for yourself or a loved one, you can call +880906771166 or look up www.shohojoddha.com and www.facebook.com:BDshohojoddha for further information.

Praava is Here for You: Know the Facts on COVID-19 from our Doctors

Educating ourselves on the correct information regarding COVID-19 is crucial to help fight the illness and spread further transmission and also panic. We know it’s hard for you to get correct information as there is rapidly changing information online. To help you, we have the latest updates for you, debunking some of the most common myths about the coronavirus. 

I am coughing or sneezing. I must have coronavirus.

You can suspect to have coronavirus if you have symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath, plus any of the below:

  • Recent travel history abroad
  • Close contact with a person who may have recently returned from abroad
  • Visiting a healthcare facility or lab where coronavirus Patients are being cared for

Any face covering can protect me from COVID-19

According to the US Centers for Disease Control:

  • It is recommended you wear a cloth face covering or homemade mask everytime you go out especially in public settings such as grocery stores or pharmacies 
  • Facemasks are in short supply and they should only be saved and worn by caregivers

My children are at high risk of getting COVID-19

Based on available evidence, children do not appear to be at higher risk for COVID-19 than adults. While some children and infants have been sick with COVID-19, adults make up most of the known cases to date.

I can get coronavirus through food

No, there is no such evidence as of yet. Experience with other coronaviruses like SARS and MERS suggests that people do not get infected through food.

Eating chicken or eggs cause Coronavirus

No, there is no such evidence as of yet. The coronavirus is not known to spread directly through poultry products but experts say it can be a good option to have only properly cooked or well-done meat.

Warm weather stops the outbreak of COVID-19

It is not yet known whether weather and temperature impact the spread of COVID-19. There is much more to learn about the transmissibility, severity, and other features associated with COVID-19, and investigations are ongoing.

Antibiotics help treat COVID-19

No, antibiotics do not work against viruses like COVID-19. They only work against bacteria. The new coronavirus is a virus and so antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment.

Pneumonia vaccines protect against COVID-19

This is not true. Vaccines against pneumonia, or any other illness, do not provide protection against COVID-19.

COVID-19 can be transmitted through mosquito bites

To date, there is no evidence to suggest that COVID-19 can be transmitted by mosquitos. 

Eating garlic helps prevent infection with the new coronavirus

Garlic is a healthy food that may have some antimicrobial properties. However, there is no evidence from the current outbreak that eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus.

COVID-19 affects older people more than younger people

People of all ages can be infected by the coronavirus. Older people and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.

Q&A with Dr. Zaheed Husain: Remdesivir May or May Not Be A Silver Bullet

What is Remdesivir?

Remdesivir is an investigational drug that has not been approved by any regulatory authority, and the safety and efficacy of remdesivir for the treatment of COVID-19 are not yet known. It has broad antiviral action against several viruses including the coronaviruses that was earlier developed against the Ebola virus in 2014 but did not do well in large clinical trials.

Is Remdesivir Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved? 

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved an ‘emergency use authorization’ (EUA) for Remdesivir only. This means it can be prescribed for hospitalized patients infected with the coronavirus. 

Is Remdesivir effective in treating COVID-19? 

Remdesivir has shown to be relatively effective in treating COVID-19 patients to the extent it shortens the duration of the symptoms. According to a National Institutes of Health announcement, in a randomized clinical trial “remdesivir was better than placebo from the perspective of the primary endpoint, time to recovery.” Patients receiving remdesivir had a 31% faster time to recovery than those receiving placebo. The median time to recovery was 11 days for patients treated with remdesivir compared with 15 days for those who received placebo. The time to recovery was defined as the time when patients were well enough to leave the hospital or could return to normal activity levels. 

Is Remdesivir the answer to the coronavirus or can it cure coronavirus?

In short – no. The same day the FDA announcement came out, a study by Chinese researchers published in The Lancet found remdesivir did not perform better than a placebo in seriously ill COVID-19 patients. This dampened the excitement about remdesivir and expectations that it could be the “silver bullet” against COVID-19. Scientists and clinicians have questioned the validity of changing the approval criteria midway through the trial and have also questioned the lack of statistical significance in survival advantages between treated and placebo groups.  Former Harvard Professor and HIV treatment pioneer Bill Haseltine has expressed concerns about the premature approval without release of all the data, pointing out that remdesivir has significant adverse effects and wondered if the decision had economic, political, or geopolitical reasons. 

Which company originally manufactured Remdesivir? 

US-based biopharmaceutical company Gilead Sciences, Inc. manufactures Remdesivir. The company has accelerated production of the drug since January and has 1.5 million doses, to date.

Is Remdesivir available in Bangladesh? 

Eskayef Pharmaceuticals, one of the leading drug manufacturing companies of the country, has successfully produced Remdesivir. In early May 2020, the Directorate General of Drug Administration permitted six companies to produce the drug and they are Beximco, Incepta, Eskayef (SK-F) Square, Beacon, and Healthcare. These companies currently have approval to manufacture but have not started distribution of the drug yet. 

How is the drug taken?

Remdesivir is administered intravenously to patients, meaning it needs to be injected. 

Can it be bought at a pharmacy?

The pharmaceutical companies in Bangladesh can initially supply the drug to the hospitals that have been permitted to treat COVID-19. It will not be available in pharmacies since it needs to be administered intravenously.

How much will it cost? 

A single dose of remdesivir will be priced at Tk 5,500, according to officials of the Directorate General of Drug Administration and the pharmaceutical companies. 

When can remdesivir be available for use in Bangladesh?

The DG of the Directorate General of Drug Administration Major General Mahbubur Rahman, informed the press that Bangladesh is likely to begin using remdesivir by May 20